Cookie consent policy
Please read carefully the following information:
In order to comply with the EU Directive of 26 May 2012 and with the Law no. 506 of 17 November 2004 on personal data processing and private life protection in the sector of electronic communication, all website visitors are asked to provide their consent before cookies are transmitted in their computers. This website uses its own cookies and third-party cookies, in order to secure for the visitors a better browsing experience and services fit for individuals needs and interests. Cookies have an important role in enabling the access and delivering the many services the user receives on the internet, such as: Customization of some settings, for example: language in which a website is viewed, accessing older preferences by using the tab “forward” and “back”. Cookies provide website owners with valuable feedback on how their websites are used by users; this way, they can become even more efficient and more user-friendly.
They allow multimedia or other applications on other website to be included in a specific site, for a more valuable, more useful and more comfortable browsing experience.
What is a cookie?
An Internet Cookie (also known as “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply as “cookie”) is a small-sized file made from letters and numbers, which will be stored on an user’s computer, mobile terminal or other equipment, wherefrom the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed under the request issued by a web-server to a browser (e.g.: Internet Explorer, Chrome) and it is completely “passive” (it does not contain software, viruses or spyware and it cannot access information on the user’s hard drive).
A cookie has 2 parts: the cookie name and content or value. Moreover, the existence of a cookie is fixed; technically, only the server sending the cookie may access it again when a user returns to the associated website.
Cookies as such do not request personal information and, most of the times, they do not identify internet users personally.
There are 2 main categories of cookies:
Session cookies – stored temporarily in the web browser’s cookie folder so that it memorizes them until the user leaves the website or closes the browser window (e.g. when logging in/logging out a webmail account or social networks).
Persistent cookies – stores on a computer or equipment hard drive (in general, they depend on the preestablished life cycle for the cookie). Persistent cookies also include cookies placed by another website than the one visited by the user at a point in time – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which can be used anonymously in order to memorize a user’s interest, for the purpose of delivering advertising as relevant as possible for the users.
A cookie contains information linking a web-browser (the user) and a specific web-server (the website). If a browser re-accesses that web server, it can read the already stored information and respond accordingly. Cookies provide users with a comfortable browsing experience and they support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: e.g. – online confidentiality preferences, website language options, shopping carts or relevant advertising.
Which is the duration of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by webservers. The duration of a cookie may vary significantly, depending on its purpose. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and they are not retained when the user leaves the website; other cookies are memorized and reused whenever the user returns to that website (permanent cookies). Nevertheless, a user may delete the cookies at any time, in the browser settings.
What are third-party cookies?
Some content sections on some website may be supplied by third parties/suppliers (e.g.: news box, a video or an advertisement). These third parties may also place cookies via the website; these cookies are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the said website owner. Third parties also need to comply with the law in force and with the website owner’s confidentiality policies.
How are cookies used by a website?
A visit on a website may place cookies for:
- the improvement of website performance;
- an analysis of the visitors;
- user login.
This type of cookies remembers the user preferences on the website, so the user does not need to set them every time he/she visits the website.
Examples: video player volume settings, video streaming speed compatible with the browser.
Visitor analysis cookies
Whenever a user visits a website, the analytics software supplied by a third party generates a cookies for the analysis of the visitor. This cookies shows whether you visited the website before. The browser will indicate if you need this cookie; if you do not, no cookie will be generated. This allows the monitoring of the single users visiting the website and of the frequency of their visits.
As long as the visitor is not logged in on the website, this cookie cannot be used for the identification of natural persons’ it is used for a purely statistic purpose. If the user is logged in, the supplied details, such as the e-mail address and the username, may also be known – they are subject to the confidentiality requirements, according to the laws in force regarding personal data protection.
These cookies are used by a software establishing your country of origin. It is completely anonymous and used solely for content targeting – even when the visitor is on a page in Romanian or in another language, the same advertisement will be received.
When you log in on a website, a cookie signaling whether you are logged in or not is generated. Servers use these cookies to show the account with which you are registered and if you have the permission to access a specific service. It also enables the association of any comment posted on the website with your username. Unless you check the “keep me logged in” option, this cookie will be deleted by default when you close the browser or shut down your computer.
Other third-party cookies
On some pages, third parties may set their own anonymous cookies, for the purpose of monitoring the success of an application or of customizing an application.
For example, when you share an article by using the social network tab (button) on a website, the said social network will record your activity.
What types of information are stored and accessed via cookies?
Cookies keep information in a small-size text file allowing a website to recognize a browser. The webserver will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.
The cookie stores important information that improves the internet browsing experience (e.g.: website access language settings; keeping a user logged in on the webmail account; online banking security; storing the products in the shopping cart)
Why are cookies important on the Internet?
Cookies are the core of internet efficient operation, contributing to the generation of a user-friendly browsing experience fit for the individual user’s preferences and interest. The refusal or deactivation of cookies may prevent the use of some websites.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require a user’s login on an account):
Content and services customized to the user’s preferences – news categories, weather report, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment website and travel services.
Offers customized to the users’ interests – password save, language preferences stored (e.g. display search results in Romanian).
Remembering the child protection filters regarding internet content (family mode options, safe search features).
Analytics measures, optimization and characteristics – such as acknowledgement of a website traffic level, of the type of viewed content and of how a user reaches a website (e.g. by search engines, directly, from other websites). Websites run theses analyses of their use in order to improve the site for the users’ benefit.
Security and confidentiality-associated issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made from code segments, so they cannot be executed, nor can they self-execute. Subsequently, they cannot duplicate or replicate on other networks to be run and replicated again. Since they cannot fulfil these functions, they are not considered viruses.
Nevertheless, cookies may be used for damaging purposes. Since they store information about the users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a specific website and on a larger number of websites, the cookies may be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this and they are constantly marking cookies to be deleted in the anti-virus/anti-spyware delete/scan procedures.
As a rule, browsers have integrated confidentiality settings that supply different levels of cookie consent, the validity and the automatic deletion after a user visits a specific site.
Tips for a safe and responsible cookie-based browsing experience.
Customize your browser settings regarding cookies, to reflect a comfortable level of cookie use security.
If you share access on the computer, you may consider browser settings to delete individual browsing data whenever you close the browser. This is an option to access cookie placing websites and to delete any browsing information at the end of the browsing session.
Install and update constantly antispyware applications.
Many of the spyware detection and prevention application include website attack detection. Thus, they prevent the browser from accessing websites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
How can I deactivate cookies?
Cookie deactivation and refusal may lead to the impossibility or difficulty of accessing and using some websites.
The refusal of such cookies may be set in the browser or the browser can be set to accept cookies from a specific website. However, for example, if a visitor is not logged in by using cookies, he/she will not be able to leave any comments.
All modern browser offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually available in the Options/ Settings menu or in the browser’s Preferences/ Favorites menu.